Setting up a Gecko Cage or Terrarium is part of the fun when owning a lizard. The basics are a glass or melamine interior tank (makes it easier to clean), wiht a tightly fitted door to prevent escape. Lizards requires that the vivarium have two temperatures, since they regulate body temperature with outside temperature. This means that during the day one end of the gecko cage will be at a higher temperature (usually 90F) with the lower end at 75F. The lizard will move from one area to the other depending on their needs.
To heat half the cage, an ultra-thin heat mat is the most efficient
method. They can be placed under or to the side of the terrarium.
Lighting is with an ordinary flourescent bulb. Other types of
lizards use a UVB lamp, but that is not necessary for gecko care. The
layout of the typical gecko cage includes a basking area for heat, and
a separate hiding area for privacy. The substrate that covers the cage
should be natural looking and can be something as simple as
paper. The cage is cleaned by removing the substrate.
This Desert Gecko Terrarium Kit Shows a Typical Setup for a Leopard Gecko Cage
Source: Exo Terra Desert Habitat Kit
The easiest way to get started with a Gecko Terrarium
is to purchase a 10 gallon Gecko kit (40 liters). The kit comes with
needed to get started and cost between $100 and $200. The easiest
way to think about a lizard care is to think about the Gecko's natural
environment. If your Gecko comes from the desert, then expect few
plants, and low humidity levels. Geckos from more tropical areas such
as Florida expect higher humidity and plants.
Geckos are ectotherms, which means their temperature is regulated by the outside environment. To change body temperature in the wild they move in and out of direct sunlight. Sunlight areas are referred to as areas where the Gecko would bask. To create the same effect in captivity. owners use a ceramic heat lamp over a basking area during the day in one specific area of the gecko terrarium. The rest of the habitat can be wormed with a UVB lamp. Both can be on a timer. When the Gecko wants to lower its' temperature, it can simply move from a basking area to another area of the gecko cage.
The Gecko Cage should be kept between 75F and 90F with the basking
area maintaining the 90 degree temperature. Check the required
temperature for the species you select. The temperature at night
should be 5F to 10F cooler.
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