Guide To Different Types Of Lizards

All of the types of lizards listed below and pictures are found in captivity at zoos or in home lizard cages. The first section lists lizards by what they eat, and the second section lists lizards based on their habit. Note that regardless of primary food groups, must lizards benefit from a varied diet that includes plants, fruit, dark leafy vegetables, insects and some meat. That said, there are complete commercial diets available for certain lizard breeds. See our section on Lizard Food.

List Of Different Lizards

By Diet:
       Herbivores: plant eaters
       Insectivores: insect eaters
       Carnivores: the meat eaters
       Omnivores: plant and meat eaters

Types of Lizards by Environment:
       Desert Lizards
       Savanna Lizards
       Water Lizards
       Woodlands and Tropical Lizards

Herbivorous Lizards (Plant Eating Lizards):

  • Prehensile-tailed skink (Corucia zebrata)
Prehensile Tailed Skink
  • Green Iguana (Iguana Iguana, Cyclura, Dipsosaurus)
Green IguanaPicture Credit: Franz Xaver
  • Chuckwallas
Green Iguana
  • Spiny-tailed agamids (Uromastyx)
Spiny Tailed Agamids

Insectivorous Lizards (Eats Insects For Protein)

  • Glass Lizards
Glass LizardsSource: Wikimedia
  • Alligator Lizards
Alligator Lizard
  • Geckos: Differ from other lizards in appearance (head is triangular with a neck, feet allows the Gecko to climb up the side of a terrarium, the tail is long and narrow at the base and thick in the middle). Geckos can also vocalize. Most have fused eyelids, so they cannot blink. Eat a variety of insects and have even been rented to eat roaches in apartments. One type of Gecko, Leopard or Eyelid Geckos cannot climb walls.
  • Night Lizards
Night LizardPicture Credit: Bill Bouton
  • Skinks (except one listed above)
SkinkPicture Credit:Canley
  • Brown and Green Anoles
Brown AnolesPicture Credit: Jamie593, Wikimedia
  • True Chameleons
True ChameleonsPicture Credit: Devi Stuart-Fox & Adnan Moussall

Carnivorous Lizards (Meat Eating Lizards)

  • Monitors
    • Savanna: Popular large reptile kept in 6x6x10 cages. Will inflate body and lash the tale if frightened.
    • Nile: Common pet, but will claw, lash and bite. Also kept in large cages.
Monitor Lizard
  • Tegus:
  • Usually Black and Gold South American lizards. Basking areas are kept at 100 degrees, with other areas at 85 to 90F. They will eat most foods, but also require big cages.
Argentine Tegus Lizard

Omnivorous Lizards (Eat Plants and Meat): This is The Largest Category of Lizards.

Bearded Dragons: Click for More Information on Bearded Dragons as Pets

Bearded Dragon
  • Australian (Eastern) Blue Tongued Skink: The Blue Tongued Skink requires a 18"x48" gallon reptile terrarium. They grow to 17 inches long and have a lifespan of over 20 years. Adults need to be housed in a 40 to 44 gallon aquarium. The Skink eats 60% plants and 40% protein such as frozen mice. Download this fact sheet on Blue Tongued Skin Care
  • The Blue Tongued Skin gets its Name from its Bright Blue Tongue Set Against the Pink Mouth

Source: Western New York Herpetological Society

Blue Tongued SkinkClose Up Of Blue Tongued Skink
  • Cunningham's' skinks
Cunningham SkinkPicture Credit: Maryman
  • Day Geckos
Day GeckoSource: Wikimedia
  • Knight Anoles
Knight AnolePicture Credit: Stevenj
  • New Caledonian Geckos
New Caledonian Gecko
  • Racerunners
female racerunner
  • Tegus
Argentine Tegus LizardArgentine Tegus Lizards, Picture Credit: LTshears
  • Veiled Chameleons
Argentine Tegus Lizard
  • Water Dragons
Water DragonPicture Credit: Steven G. Johnson
  • Whiptails
Whiptail Lizards

Related Articles

How to Select Lizard Aquariums and Cages
Lizard Food and Nutrition
Signs of Lizard Diseases and other Health Concerns
Desert Lizards as Pets
Water Lizards as Pets
Woodland and Anole Lizards as Pets

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